As we come to the end of the month, here’s another #Spectember concept from an anonymous submission:Continue reading “Spectember 2021 – Dimorphic Tunicates”
Cambrian Explosion Month #15: Phylum Chordata – Early Forms & Tunicates
Chordates are one of the most diverse animal phyla, ranging from tiny lancelets to sac-like tunicates to all fish and tetrapods. They share a common deuterostome ancestor with echinoderms and hemichordates, probably diverging from them sometime in the Ediacaran Period, and are characterized by having specific anatomical features at some point during their life cycle – a notochord, a dorsal nerve cord, pharyngeal slits, a post-anal tail, and an endostyle.
The earliest chordates were all small soft-bodied animals with no mineralized tissues, so their fossil record is poor aside from rare locations with exceptional preservation. But one of the best known examples is Pikaia gracilens from the Canadian Burgess Shale fossil deposits (~508 million years ago).Continue reading “Cambrian Explosion Month #15: Phylum Chordata – Early Forms & Tunicates”